PaleogeographyPaleogeography focuses on the best way the earth looked in historical times. The most important fossil group, invertebrates, are usually represented by onerous parts reminiscent of shells or skeletons, but the soft physique anatomy can be studied from imprints remaining on the shells or other onerous elements (or, much less generally, from X-ray analysis).

Scholars in this area provide a paleogeographic reconstruction of volcanic areas, where the conventional course of sediment accumulation has been periodically interrupted by lava flows and deposits of large quantities of volcanic ash and other volcanic merchandise.

World paleogeographic maps for individual periods and epochs have been revealed within the late nineteenth and early 20th centuries by the French geologists A.-A. Lapparent and E. Haug, the Austrian geologist M. Neumayr, and the Russian scientist I. D. Lukashevich.

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology is a global medium for the publication of top quality and multidisciplinary, authentic studies and complete opinions within the area of palaeo-environmental geology including palaeoclimatology.

The distribution of plant and animal species on the earth at this time displays the interaction between the bodily environment, which, for example, restricts polar bears to the high latitudes, and geographical obstacles to migration, which, for instance, have saved polar bears from invading the Antarctic and maintain the marine snakes of the Pacific facet of Panama from invading the Caribbean Sea.