What Is Paleontology? Part 1


Invertebrate PaleontologyBryozoan fossils in an Ordovician oil shale from Estonia Subject of view is 15 cm throughout. Due to the particular curiosity within the Paleozoic Period fossils by the section’s 4 curators and the central location of Carnegie Museum Pure Historical past throughout the Appalachian Basin, the Paleozoic Period fossils make up nearly half the collection.

That features vegetation (paleobotany), pollen (palynology), tiny fossils (micropaleontology), paleoanthropology, the examine of organic decay and fossil formation (taphonomy), the study of fossil tracks and traces (ichnology), and the study of previous climates and ecosystems (paleoecology).

These specimens embrace materials used in the case examine that led to Eldredge and Gould’s (1972) proposal of “punctuated equilibria.” Mesozoic invertebrates are also properly represented, in collections from Central America, North America, and Europe.

As a paleontologist I examine how fossils are preserved in the fossil record (taphonomy), and the way morphology changes within species throughout space (geographically) and through time (stratigraphically) in response to a number of processes resembling ontogeny (development) and environmental change.

Samuel A. Miller was the first Curator of Paleontology of the Cincinnati Society of Pure Historical past (1871-1874), followed by John W. Hall, Jr. (1874-1877), Edward Ulrich (1877-1880), John Mickelborough (1880-1884), Edward M. Cooper (1884-1885) and Charles L. Faber (1885-1886).